As Civilization Advances Culture Declines

Civilization and culture are two constellations that lie in the same continuum. Each influences and is in turn influenced by the other. Civilization is an advanced state of intellectual, cultural, and material development in human society, marked by progress in the arts and sciences, the extensive use of record-keeping, including writing, and the appearance of complex political and social institutions. This is basically a state of affair in a society at a particular time frame. The definition above suggests the advanced state of affair… in common parlance… but civilization may be traditional or not advanced.

People say Indus valley civilization or Egyptian civilizations which are primitive civilizations. On the other hand, culture means the ways of thinking, acting, behaving that people have internalized in them and which are transformed into reality through their actions in the society. For example, respecting the elders or treating guests as the God; as in “Atithi devo bhava” are examples of particular cultural traits. Here before proceeding any further one needs to understand the various constituents of the culture.

When one studies culture, two things can not be neglected; cultural traits and cultural complexes. Cultural traits are the individual acts that defy any scientific reason but are simply followed on the basis that they are rooted in tradition. The examples of cultural traits are folding hands in front of a deity or touching the feet of elders. The inter-related cultural traits form a cultural complex.

For example while performing a “pooja” one lights an “agarvati”, chants some hymns or devotional songs, offers “Prasad” to the lord etc. All these activities constitute the cultural complex. The inter-play and interaction of the different cultural complexes form the substratum of culture. With so much of epistemological differences between culture and civilization one needs to see what separates the both. Culture refers to those intrinsic and intangible elements that engulf human whereas civilization includes all the physical objects that are the exemplification of some objective realities.

Civilization is the human creativity, intellect and volition translated into reality whereas culture is the morality and intellect that remain as the under current of human thought. Civilization progresses thorough the vehicle of knowledge and technology whereas culture thrives in human mind and proceeds through tradition. But when one says they lie in the same continuum means culture determines the civilization. For example, that society where the dominant culture is heroism and hero-worships like the Sioux Indians their substrata of civilization is based on heroism, physical prowess.

Their chief industry is making weapons for hunting and defending own clan members. And their structure of authority and leadership also hovers around this principle only. But at the same time civilization also influences culture in many ways. The technical developments and objective rationality in knowledge inquires the truth among the traditional customs. Reinterpretation of cultural complexes and superstitions from a scientific point of view makes room for reinterpretation of culture. So culture and civilization influence each other. The present write up requires an analysis if the advancement of civilization makes way for decline of culture.

As described earlier culture is morality and civilization is reality. Culture resides in ideas and civilization spurns out of ideas. So it is quite easy to see the pre-occurrence of culture vis-à-vis civilization. But such a concomitance is not that easy as once civilization is formed it tends to affect the ideas or the culture which is the substrata of its very own self. The advancement of civilization affects culture in many ways. And the very common notion is that the advancement of civilization declines culture. But to analyze the statement one needs to understand what does the “word” decline mean here.

Decline means as usual lessening of importance given on culture. But it also means that the earlier cultural axioms which have been adopted without question by all, comes under the hammer of reason. And all such preconditions about culture which are rooted in irrationality are increasingly given up. For example with the spread of awareness and knowledge among the mass the traditions like “sati” etc are given up. But this cannot be called a s a decline of culture because it is a constructive effort to eradicate a social evil from society.

So when one tries to establish a concomitance between civilization and decline of culture one needs to have a thin line approach, where one needs to separate the constructive and beneficial changes in culture and the decline of culture. One needs to see what is implied by advancement of culture.

The very phrase “advancement of culture” refers to a dynamic process; a change. Why on earth there is a change in civilization. There is a change from one state of affair to the other when 1. The preceding state of affair has some contradictions inherent in it or 2. When there is a better or new way of doing things which are superior to those in the preceding state of affair. Both of these above reasons refer to two different epistemological paradigms but what connects the both is the thread of rationality or objectivity which in common parlance called as scientific understanding.

Civilization, as stated earlier the material developments of human beings, proceeds from a state of less scientific to more scientific one. One can go to history to trace the brief advancement of civilization. The earliest form of civilization was the human horde in the pre-historic ages. This was a civilization where man was last rational and succumbed to the nature. But gradually rationality and scientific inquest impinged the earlier man also and he devised such rudimentary tools to defend himself against the adversities in a forest life and also hunt animals for subsistence. The first historical act of human being “production” was also his first step towards rationality. And for the rest of history man is trying to increase rationality of thought, behavior and action.

The next civilizations be it the civilization of Egypt or Mesopotamia or the Indus valley all developed because man made more scientific inventions and used his reason to overcome the nature. This civilization took man’s intellect to a newer and higher level. His earlier horde culture was replaced by a family culture and the civilization influenced the culture. Of course the very birth of a civilization or in general an idea occurs in the human mind which is a purely cultural concept but when it becomes really existent it starts molding human mind and thereby culture.

Man’s progress from Bronze-iron ages to feudal age or industrial age or the modern age of today is the progression of rationality of thought from a lower level to a higher level. One cannot say that as civilization advances man becomes more rational. Rather when man becomes more rational civilization advances. And when civilization advances rationality creeps into society and culture comes under the hammer of scientific inquiry. So the irrational elements of culture are progressively shed off and hence the hold of culture on human mind declines.

Those cultural ideals which were prevalent in the yester years are rendered rather irrelevant by the progression of science and technology. In earlier days the farmers used to indulge in festivities to impress the Goddess of fertility to have good harvest. But now-a-days the farmer rather invests more money on tractors, insecticides and hybrid seeds than in cultural festivities to have a better yield. An epidemic like cholera or chicken pox is not perceived as a wrath of the presiding deity but treated by medically approved norms and procedures. So the advancement of civilization has created awareness among the mass and people are beginning to stride the kingdom of reasons.

The advancement of civilization is coincident with the advancement in science and technology. New technology and new methods of production requires a definitive change in the existing division of labor in society. And thus associated changes do occur in the cultural aspect of the economic society. With the prevalence of factory mode of production the labor forces have become mobile instead of the fixed labour in case of feudal economy. Mobile labor force gives rise to urban culture. So the earlier human culture which was predominantly rural has been diversified into a urban culture.

Certain norms and values of the rural society are not applicable in the urban society. So a certain amount of changes do occur in the culture. Some cultural traits are negated and some new cultural traits specific to the urban area people do develop. The earlier joint family structure breaks to give rise to the new neo-local nucleus family structure. Religious rituals in the daily life go to a back stage. And new subcultures like shopping mall culture, multiplexes and other agencies of entertainment become important in case of city life. So as culture advances there occurs a change in the culture.

In some cases the old cultural elements are thrown to back burner, new cultural traits arise or in some cases the old cultural elements are reinterpreted in a radically different way. But one has to agree that the advancement of civilization effects changes to the culture.The change in culture with associated advancement of civilization is not always in a constructive way as depicted above. Advancement of civilization especially the rise of urbanism as a way of life has effected some irreparable damages to our olden culture.

The most pronounced change in the culture is the break down of family. In the earlier societies the family was the most important unit of society. As it was also an economic unit there was not much division of labor in society and all the family members are involved in the same economic pursuit. There were greater dependence with each other along with greater volume and density of interaction amongst them. Family acted as a conditioning device in which people can bank on each other at times of stress. But the new urbanization has made family an atomistic entity as imagined by Zimmerman.

As the volume ad density of social interaction decreases due to the break down of the extended family the expectation of people from each other increases manifold in a nucleus family. So family instead of a soothing device becomes a pressure cooker as remarked by David Cooper in his master piece the death of family. Other psychologists like Robert Laing talk that the family itself has become the biggest enemy of man by putting him into a catch 22 situation of immense pressure and enormous expectations. So individual in the family itself is at the receiving end.

This results in break down families, divorces and other familial discord including domestic violence. So urbanization has clearly broken down the earlier existing harmonic family culture. The effect of the advancement of civilization is also felt in the sphere of the morality in society. The earlier society has prescribed certain moral codes of conduct. But with the advancement of civilization and progress of scientific thoughts the moral codes are under attack. Some of the moral codes are, no doubt, established in irrationality; but they help to represent the collective conscience and preserve the social harmony. But scientific thoughts do not think in that direction.

Moral codes are discarded like anything in the new society. The simpler norms like honesty, punctuality, integrity, brotherhood, camaraderie etc are forgotten and in turn importance is given on individuation. Too much individuation results in less degree of integration with the society. This results in individual conscience influencing the collective consciousness more and more. This results in deviant behavior, corruption, dishonesty and other such social evils. Advancement of civilization throws up new values and techniques which also give way for social mobility. New level of stratification are created, older levels are destroyed and modified.

This reduces man to a marginalized one. A marginal man does not know about norms to follow and what norms to abhor. He is in a state of flux which is rightly said as the state of anomie. Culture is an integrating force. But certain development in the level of sub-stratum like at the level of civilization weakens the impact of culture. This makes the socialization process unhealthy and weak. This causes a lot of strain in individual. In a society the individual has a very limited existence.

Compared to the enormity of the society the individual is minuscule and powerless. His existence depends on the collective representation. But the new norms of the modern civilization weaken the collective representation and man becomes less integrated with the society and feels great stress. Besides the modern values bring out some such basic changes in the existing culture that the culture that the morality of society is endangered. Adoption of western values and life styles, though they are not at all harmful, but highly unsuitable for the Indian society.

They lack the collective representation of Indian mass. So the western yo-man becomes marginalized in the great Indian tradition. Certain values like freedom in sexual endeavors etc are not accepted in India even today. The so called moral police add fuel to the situation and make the situation more difficult. The adoption of western values also increase the conspicuous consumption in society and that creates a great amount of social divide and polarization among the people.

Besides in the age of globalization when a society integrates itself with the global society especially in the sphere of economics there is always threat that the existing indigenous economic base may collapse. Civilization and culture are related with each other intricately. A change in the former creates a great stir in the later. Civilization advances through the advancement of ideas. These advanced ideas are bred in the mind of a few and the rest of the society do not share such advanced ideas. They stick to the traditional ideas which form their culture of the society.

When civilization advances there occurs a conflict between the reality and the idea possessed by the majority in the society. But as the reality always scores over the ideas, the advancement of civilization brings about change in culture. The change in culture may be a positive one or a destructive one. So one cannot emphatically say that advancement of civilization does not always bring about decline in culture though change in culture is inevitable.

However the inculcation of rational thinking and reasoning among the mass weakens the blind acceptance of culture. So the importance of culture in the society declines. S one can say, the importance of culture may be reduced in a modern civilization but the very culture, its ethos can never decline but they may change to adopt new norms and values.

Adoption of new norms or values may cause a stage of confusion and anomaly in the society but one need to understand that after this anti-thesis stage (anomic stage) there comes a stage of synthesis where new culture emerges, a culture more rational one. The more the culture becomes rational the less importance it exerts on individuals in the society. So the statement again may e repeated that the importance of culture may decline in the process of advancement of civilization but culture itself can never be negated in the society.

Swing Therapy For Autistic Children

Most of us have no problem combining all our senses. For autistic children (and grownups) however, it’s a mighty challenging task. Processing stimuli from the senses of sight, smell, sound, touch, taste, balance and body is overwhelming. Those suffering from autism will often withdraw to avoid over stimulation, or try to sort out the input from their senses with self-developed soothing mechanisms and repetitive behaviours.

A significant amount of occupational therapy for autism focuses on sensory integration through specially designed programs. Some of the greatest tools for sensory integration therapy for autism type disorders are various types of swings. People with various autism spectrum disorders such as Autism, PDD, ADHD, Asperger’s, proprioceptive dysfunction and tactile defensiveness will benefit from using swings as part of their therapy.

Additionally, children and adults with Sensory Processing Disorders (also called Sensory Integration Disorders), especially those with proprioceptive or vestibular dysfunction, should definitely have swings or therapy hammocks as a crucial element of their treatment.

The benefits of the hammock can be two-fold. Children who find the smooth, swaying motion soothing, will relax and unwind while using it. However, children who have a vestibular dysfunction will feel uneasy while in the hammock and might initially protest its use. For them, hammock therapy is more about regaining equilibrium and learning to tolerate vestibular stimuli.

The motion of swinging restores balance to the vestibular system, provides proprioceptive input (deep pressure) and generally helps autistic-spectrum children feel more “in balance”. The soothing motion of swinging soothes, relaxes and increases concentration. Children who have trouble focusing on tasks such as reading or math, might find it easier to concentrate sitting in a hammock chair, their bodies engaged in a soothing motion.

Setting up a swing in the home is easy and does not require a large investment. A hammock, hammock chair, hanging bag or a therapy platform swing are all relatively inexpensive, easy to find and do not take up a lot of room. Making a platform swing out of a hammock is an easy do-it-yourself project, with instructions available in our blog. Put one in the child’s room, playroom or family room for a retreat or a therapy corner for an autistic child.

Crooners, Rock and Roll, Jazz, R and B – The Melting Pot of 1950’s Music

The 1950’s would prove to be a melting pot of music like never before. Diversity was the state of affairs for this thriving nation and individuality would take center stage. This was the era that saw Rock and Roll music rise to supremacy, but it certainly did not stand-alone. Blues and R&B topped the charts with artists like Ella Fitzgerald, Nat King Cole, Muddy Waters and B.B. King. With The Great Depression and WWII behind them, middle-class Americans of the 1950’s were once again buying houses, cars, and lots and lots of records.

The 1950’s would prove to be a melting pot of music like never before. Diversity was the state of affairs for this thriving nation and individuality would take center stage. This was the era that saw Rock and Roll music rise to supremacy, but it certainly did not stand-alone. Blues and R&B topped the charts with artists like Ella Fitzgerald, Nat King Cole, Muddy Waters and B.B. King. Country and Western Music saw the rise of icons such as, Carl Perkins, Johnny Cash, Jerry Lee Lewis and Hank Williams. Gospel, rockabilly, pop, jazz and swing were still hanging strong. This was the decade that saw the major crossover of genres. Greats like Mario Lanza and Elvis Presley were some of the most successful crossover artists. Lanza first known for his classical style music topped the billboard charts in the 1950’s with his pop hit, Be My Love. The king of the crossover as well as the King of Rock and Roll, Elvis Presley crossed over several genres of music, including country, gospel and blues.

So what happened to the chart toppers of the 1940’s like Frank Sinatra, Billie Holiday, Perry Como and Bing Crosby? Well, the 1950’s were good to them as well. There was something for everyone and apparently enough to go around. The “crooners” of the previous decade were still going strong, especially in the early part of the decade.

A new consumer arrived on the scene in the mid 1950’s, and that changed the face of music forever. Teenagers were becoming the biggest record buyers and record companies were shifting their focus to this younger generation. These youngsters were not only tuning into radios at home but also in their cars. Radio D.J.’s were enjoying a celebrity level of success as well as the artists they promoted.

Poodle skirts and rolled up jeans replaced the straight skirt and suit and ties of the 1940’s and has since been identified with the Rock and Roll phenomenon of the 1950’s. New dances were introduced during this time. The ‘Twist’ and the ‘Jitterbug’ were taking America by storm. Chubby Checker helped popularize the ‘Twist’ with his hit of the same name. Televisions American Bandstand began its tenure in the 1950’s where these dances were showcased and became the rage of American teens.

New radio stations were popping up all across America. Rolling across the dial would allow you to tune into whatever genre you so desired. The early fifties served up feel good, wholesome lyrics to a Post War nation with squeaky-clean melodies from artists such as Pat Boone, Rosemary Clooney, Perry Como and Dinah Shore.

By the end of this decade we would be listening to a much different style of music from demonstrative musicians like Elvis Presley and Little Richard. It wasn’t so much that the lyrics were bold or rebellious; it was the style in which they were delivered that sent parents into such disapproving shock. Prior to the 1950’s, teenagers listened to the same music as their parents but with the introduction of Rock and Roll, kids were choosing their own music and forming their own ideals.

Rock & Roll probably stands out as the most defining genre of the decade but there is no purity in the genre itself. Its origins are a mixture of music styles that existed long before it came on the scene. Fortunately, American culture has continued to diversify and each genre that has existed since the early 1900’s has been sustained through freedom of expression. Artists that celebrate the various genres and lend their talents to each new generation satisfy the diversified musical appetites.

Each style of music speaks to a group of people. It moves them and serves to identify them with a time in history. Music tells the story of people, whether living in a time of war or peace, prosperity or poverty, self-expression or conformity. From its recordable beginnings, there is one theme that has been consistent however, and that is the expression of love. For centuries man has sung about longing for it, losing it, or gaining it.

Universal and timeless, no matter the instrument or the beat, the theme of love seems to be the crossover that everyone can relate to, and the 1950’s were no exception.

My Truck’s Air Horn Sounds Like A Train

What used to be infatuation of die cast trucks and cars as a kid, I now relate to my pickup truck. Prior to the late 1970’s or early 80’s, only trains and commercial emergency vehicles had air horns. They were not available for consumer purchase. Then truck air horns became scarcely available in one or two trumpet configurations. However, none of these horns were available with a compressor kit included. As demand and popularity grew, truck air horns became more readily available. That made guys like me sit up and take notice. But for me, those were the days of mini vans and vehicles with car seats and strollers, so I didn’t own a truck.

I’m in the future now and finally able to have a truck of my own. There was nothing I loved more than finding a new accessory that would beef up my F-150 and give it the custom look that I feel reflects my personality. In my search for the newest flashiest and useful add on, I came across an online video of an air horn for trucks that had the sound of a train. There I was, back in the past again remembering that awesome sound I heard countless times as a boy. Oh yeah! I wanted that air horn kit! The sound was incredible. Just knowing that that was available to have on my truck making it possible to hear that sound any time I chose, truly made my day.

I ordered the quad chrome trumpet 150 PSI Kit and I swear, I was like my wife, anxiously waiting for the UPS man to deliver her newest pair of high heels. Yes, I was that obsessed! The day my kit arrived, I had to install it right away. Dinner? No thanks dear. I was a man on a mission with a very definite priority. Installation was fairly easy for me, so before long I was ready to test it out. I was in heaven the first time I blasted that baby, and I have been every time since! How did I ever settle for a wimpy factory horn sound? I wouldn’t go around scaring the dickens out of little old ladies, but sometimes situation require you to be heard in a big way. It just goes to prove that boys and their toys never really disappear; they just age like fine wine, and frankly, what’s wrong with that?

Plato, Carbon and the Human Survival Chemistry of the New Renaissance

The world of nanotechnology demonstrates that the ancient Greek Science for Ethical Ends holds a crucial survival message for modern humanity. 21st Century Moral Jurisprudence Law, based upon Immanuel Kant’s definition of aesthetics, as art appreciation theory, has no present practical scientific ethical content. However, aesthetics and ethics link together, through a process known as quantum entanglement, where they function together within the world of quantum nano biotechnology. Aristotle’s harmonic ethical knowledge to guide a science about ennobling government, for the health of the universe, has been given practical validation with the discovery of a new rigorous chemistry embracing the ancient ethical science.

Historically, when a lack of ethics caused one state to threaten another, order from chaos in the form of a disciplined command structure for defense, meant the difference between enslavement or prosperity. A systematic use of natural resources, relying upon a control of state economic wealth, both for the purpose of aggression and defence occurred. Religious and political appeals to aesthetic emotions, about pride, honour, glory or sacrifice, were fused into daily conduct, to instil a common purpose for both aggression and defence. Today, a more real process of obtaining order from chaos is about aesthetics linking with the process of ethical creative thought, through quantum entanglement, to produce a new medical nanotechnology science to guide ennobling global government.

The scientific research by the 18th Century logician Immanuel Kant and its relevance to our understanding of ethics, is now seen as a crucial issue for the survival of civilisation. This crucial discovery belongs to the fractal logic now upholding the quantum biological chemistry of the New Florentine Renaissance Project.

The Project’s directors, Professor Paolo Manzelli and Professor Massimo Pregnolato, awarded the Georgio Napolitano Medal on behalf of the Republic of Italy for establishing the quantum biology chemistry of the New Renaissance, now have dramatic evidence from the Humanities about the global importance of their work. The growing influential international mindset of such organisations as the Telesio- Galilei Academy of Science, London, has recognised the importance of the New Florentine Renaissance. By breaking free from the yoke of the 20th Century entropic world-view, the Academy’s vast range of scientific and academic scholars is able to appreciate the vital association between the new Renaissance chemistry and the Florentine New Measurement of Humanity Project.

The three 1996 Nobel Laureates had used the logic of the engineer Buckminster Fuller to establish their Fullerene Chemistry as a base for their medical life science institute called C Sixty Inc. Harvard University’s Novartis Professor Amy Edmondson, internationally known for her contributions to aesthetic reasoning within the corporate sector, had published that Buckminster Fuller had derived his crucial synergistic energy concepts from the mathematical writings of the Greek philosopher Plato. Accordingly, the Science-Art Centre in Australia, renamed the chemistry as Platonic-Fullerene Chemistry. This was to help the public to feel better equipped to understand about the new rebirth of the lost Classical Greek life-science, The Science for Ethical Ends.

From the perspective of this new chemistry, the morality, aesthetics and ethics that the philosopher Immanuel Kant associated with law, politics and society is more easily explainable. We can remember, that during the 18th Century, people were beginning to associate electricity with spiritual reality. We can imagine the mindset of Immanuel Kant, the scientist, who held that ethics was about an infinite God-like evolution of consciousness based upon electromagnetic principles. There is a direct link between Kant’s work and Buckmister Fuller’s synergistic science of life principles. Fuller derived his work from Plato’s mathematics about ethical spiritual godlike optical engineering principles. The new rigorous medical chemistry can guide us politically toward the discovery of new futuristic technologies to ensure the betterment of the global human condition. The sooner this human survival ethic bears the approval of International Red Cross, the better.

The public is becoming aware of a vast confusion of legal opinion associated with modern global economic rationalism. The earth’s environment is being polluted and serious threats to the health and well-being of the global community are occurring, seemingly without practical solutions. Because of the new Platonic-Fullerene Chemistry, it is reasonable to re-examine the ethics associated with Hans Christian Oersted’s discovery of electromagnetism linked with Kant’s philosophy of science, as outlined in the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science of 1786. We can now successfully change the various relevant research methodologies used up until the present time, where Kant’s Aesthetics, the theory of art appreciation, came to influence today’s inadequate moral and ethical jurisprudence policies of corporations and governments.

The new rigorous Platonic-Fullerene Chemistry is consistent with the discovery last century of Sir Isaac Newton’s unpublished Heresy Papers, in which Newton expressed his certain conviction that the mechanical description of the universe is balanced by a natural, more profound philosophy, based upon the same physics principles that upheld both Plato and Fuller’s ethical world-views. This was given credence when the NASA Astrophysics High Energy Division Library, published argument that the Classical Greek life-science world-view is based upon infinite fractal harmonic geometrical logic. Such logic is in complete contradiction to the entropic logic upholding global economic rationalism. Newton’s unpublished papers can no longer be classified as belonging to a criminally insane mind, brought about by breathing mercurial fumes within his alchemy laboratory.

We can see immediately why Kant’s Aesthetics, art appreciation theory, was incorrectly used within the global corporate sector to construct endless complex policies to guide fair business models to optimize perpetual commercial activity, in the mistaken belief that they were serving the interests of global society. Kant’s ethics were based upon the concept that they belonged to the infinite evolution of a God-like consciousness, leading to the concept of Perpetual Peace on earth. The only logic that can accommodate such a concept belongs to infinite fractal geometrical logic, but that concept is simply not permissible within present entropic global economic rationalism.

Global economic rationalism, being totally governed by the logic upholding the 20th Century’s unbalanced entropic chemistry, automatically forbids such ethics to exist. The governing law of universal entropy demands the eventual extinction of all life in the universe and therefore, accepted modern life-sciences can only be about species moving toward extinction. This superstitious religious Dark Age mentality prevails in the face of the 21st Century discovery of Platonic-Fullerene quantum biological chemistry. In general, the Perpetual Peace belonging to the holographic engineering principles of the Science for Ethical Ends cannot even be the subject of transparent critical debate within our universities. Meanwhile, the unbalanced Aesthetic Jurisprudence governing global economic rationalism can only accelerate the prime destructive directive of our entropic physics and chemistry.

Kant’s Aesthetics is defined as the theory of art appreciation. A beautiful painting of majestic waterfalls, represents seeing beauty within the process of materialistic decay. Kant’s ethics were about Plato’s spiritual optics associated with evolving consciousness. By using special 3-D glasses we can see that some artists over the centuries unconsciously depicted fractal logic holographic images within their paintings. Kant had been forbidden by Church authorities to allude to that now proven evolving optical sense perception. Such optical evidence can readily be linked to the discovery of the Molecule of Emotion in 1972 by Dr Candace Pert. That molecule evolves by the process of increasing the speed of its molecular movement, a principle of physics belonging to Sir Isaac Newton’s heretical, but balanced world-view and also much earlier in history, to the Platonic Science for Ethical Ends.

A difference between aesthetics and ethics in terms of an understanding of the second law of thermodynamics, which forbids infinite electromagnetic life-science ethics to exist, became evident in the early 20th Century. Maria Montessori is listed in TIME Magazine’s Century of Science, as the greatest scientist of 1907. Her research into how electromagnetism influenced evolutionary creativity in young children was critical of Einstein’s understanding of the second law of thermodynamics, by referring to it as the greed energy law.

Montessori’s colleague, Tielhard de Chardin, argued that their electromagnetic Golden Gates to the future could only open for all people at the same time and not for any chosen race or privileged few. In direct contrast, her financial supporters, Graham Alexander Bell and President Woodrow Wilson, used Charles Darwin’s life-science, based upon the second law of thermodynamics, to guide the American Darwinian Eugenics political program. During the 1930s, many states in the U.S. had eugenics laws, with those in California being used as a base for eugenics legislation under the dictatorship of Adolph Hitler. Ethics certainly cannot exist within an entropic Nazi culture, nor can it exist within the culture of entropic global economic rationalism.

The six essays compiled through 1976 to 1994,by the Max Planck Institute’s Astrophysicist Peter Kafka, entitled The Principle of Creation and the Global Acceleration Crisis, predicted the 21st Century global economic collapse. Professor Kafka referred to the second law as being a diabolical worship of the ancient god of chaos, Diabolos. In the last paragraph, Kafka writes that when the situation becomes too ugly and becomes unbearable, people will understand that strange attractors are near.

Beautiful attractors belong to the fractal thought processes providing aesthetic emotional response to beauty within the world of material entropic decay. Strange attractors function within the quantum entanglement process, where aesthetic emotion allows for cerebral electromagnetic pattern recognition to provide rational ethical knowledge belonging to the Platonic Science for Ethical Ends. This evolving life-science wisdom was Sir Isaac Newton’s more profound natural philosophy to balance entropic decay. His linking of evolutionary information carried by light in association with gravity, is now relevant to quantum biology.

The search for new technologies associated with the balancing of entropic chemistry with the Platonic-Fullerene chemistry is generating a vast melting pot of new ideas to help toward establishing a sustainable future for global humanity. The extent of such ideas promotes an optimism that the grave problems threatening humanity can be surmounted by linking the two chemistries to embrace both the material and the holographic (spiritual) environment. From these ideas it becomes clear that an inadequate and ignorant political understanding about the role that carbon plays in the living process is now endangering global human survival. Global climate change, as a life science, cannot be linked to the infinite fractal logic functioning of a rain-cloud, because Einstein’s understanding of the second law of thermodynamics, as the Premier law of all of science, being finite, prohibits it.

The properties of light passing through the liquid crystal construction of the cellular membrane into Buckminster Fullerene carbon nanotubes, to constantly enfold protein patterning in the DNAin order to to fulfil an infinite universal fractal guidence, has been nano-photographed, but such evidence remains classified as a political no go zone within the floundering obsolete World educational system. This is because, evidence demonstrating a life-science association with Kant’s ethics is automatically considered to be inconceivable within its linited world-view. For example, the Australian Government certainly exhibits genuine feelings of aesthetic compassion but owing to its entropic hostility, cannot link it to any practical ethical principles associated with the functioning of carbon within the new nanotechnology chemistry.

The issue of gaining a better understanding of the biological properties of Fullerene carbon is a crucial one. As the Australian Government teeters on the brink of collapse over its decision to impose a carbon tax, the public is beginning to realise that both it and the opposition are not at all conversant with the role that carbon actually plays within the now rapidly changing global environment. In Australia, university advisors on that subject, labouring within the confines of a totally entropic culture, have little knowledge about the new balancing Fullerene chemistry, let alone its rigorous physics association with the Platonic Science for Ethical Ends.

In 1984 the Science-Art Research Centre’s Bio-Aestheticist, the late Dr George Robert Cockburn, Royal fellow of Medicine (London) published a book correcting Immanuel Kant’s Aesthetics, entitled A Bio-Aesthetic Key to Creative Physics and Art. In 200, the Artist-author Christopher Degenhardt, published a Review of the book, revealing that Cockburn had reached the same conclusion that the 19th Century mathematician Bernard Bolzano made in his Theory of Science, when he also corrected Immanuel Kant’s Aesthetics. Bolzano identified the infinite bio-properties of the strange attractor, which gives credence to Kant’s concept that ethics was about an infinite evolution of consciousness, as was later proposed by the Nobel laureate in medicine, Svent- Gyoergyi.

Chris Degenhardt was presented with the Centre’s 2009 Cockburn Memorial Award, for his discovery and later published essays about the new Florentine quantum biology chemistry’s association with the properties of carbon activity functioning contrary to the entropic worldview. The April May 2011 issue of Cosmos Magazine quotes a statement by the journalist Rachel Ehrenberg, who refers to the bizarre world of carbon nanotubes. She writes “that they appear to break laws of physics, behave in ways chemistry can’t explain and could be a new source of power”.

The physicist, Dr Paul Taylor, recently returned from an exploration trip along the Amazon River, to research ancient biochar technolgy, organised with Dr Paul Widman, former Co- Chair of the United Nations University Millennium Project’s Australasian Node, to hold a Black Carbon Research Workshop. This took place at the Science-Art Centre’s Castle on The Hill in Australia, near Mt Warning in the Tweed Valley of New South Wales during April 2011. Paul Taylor, editor and co-author of the book The Biochar Revolution, with contributions from 18 Biochar experts and authors, spoke about the lost secret of the ancient Amazon Indian’s Terra Pretta or Black Earth agricultural successes, described by the Spanish explorer Francisco de Orellana during the 16th Century. Paul Wildman, economics advisor to the Science-Art Centre, interested in the properties of black carbon nanotube biochar food supply objectives, spoke about the concept of Earth Jurisprudence, in which our economic system as well as our legal system must be reformed to protect basic human rights, in particular a guarantee of a ethically sustainable food supply.

The Director of the Sustainability Research Institute of Australia, the engineer Dudley Leggett, argued that the work of Alan Turing, who cracked Nazi Germany’s Enigma code and has been recognised as the father of computer science, provided the basis for a better understanding of the value of biochar in agriculture. He pointed out that in 1952 Turing published The Chemical Basis of Morphogenesis, describing how biological systems can self organise and showed that the wonders of creation are present in natural code form. Leggett explained that Turing had proposed that a complex balancing code existed in nature, acting beyond the limitations of entropic reality and that Turing’s research methodology might be applied to break such a code for the benefit of the global human condition.

Dr Wildman, familiar with Aristotle’s ethical medical-political science, argued, that it was impossible to obtain research funding about such ideas within the Australian entropic world-view. He proposed that an alternative hands-on endeavour, which he referred to as a ‘Bush Mechanics’ approach, should be employed. Working with one of the authors of the book The Biochar Revolution, Char Master Dolph Cooke, they had established a practical Biochar enterprise at Mebbin Springs in Northern New South Wales.

In conclusion, this essay attempts to stimulate scientific research within the Humanities, which embraces the great adventure of rigorous guidance from the Florentine quantum biology discoveries. Plato pointed out, that, without a sure knowledge of the engineering principles of spiritual (holographic) optics, all other engineering philosophies are barbaric and lead to warfare. To make matters even worse, the innate ‘evil’ associated with such an entropic philosophic culture was held to lead to the emergence of the destructive property of unformed matter from within the physical atom. Hence, Buckminster Fuller’s warning in his book titled Utopia of Oblivion.

© Professor Robert Pope

The Benefits of Music Therapy for Autism

A professional who specializes in autism can suggest different treatment for autistic’s that can have a significant positive effect on their behavior. One such treatment is Music therapy.

Music therapy is a controlled music experience that is used to facilitate positive change in human behavior. Each session of music therapy is carefully planned, carried out, and evaluated to suit the specific needs of each patient. Music therapy can include any of the following musical activities:

o Listening to music and/or musical creation

o Playing musical instruments (any instrument can be used)

o Moving to music

o Singing

As far as autism is concerned, studies have shown that music therapy has a significant, positive influence when used to treat autistic individuals. Participating in music therapy allows autistics the opportunity to experience non-threatening outside stimulation, as they don’t engage in direct human contact.

As was previously mentioned, music therapy is made specific to each individual. This is extremely important, because what may be positively received by one autistic may be negative to another. That being said, let’s take a look at the positive influence music therapy has had on autistic individuals.

Music therapy –

Improved socio-emotional development: In the first steps of a relationship, autistics tend to physically ignore or reject the attempts of social contact made by others. Music therapy helps to stop this social withdrawal by an initial object relation with a musical instrument. Instead of seeing the instrument as threatening, autistic children are usually fascinated by the shape, feel and sound of it. Therefore, the musical instrument provides an initial point of contact between the autistic and the other individual by acting as an intermediary.

Assisted in both verbal and non-verbal communication – When music therapy is used to aid in communication, its goal is to improve the production of vocalization and speech, as well as stimulate the mental process of comprehending, conceptualizing and symbolizing. A music therapist will attempt to establish a communicative relationship between the behavior of a child with autism and a specific sound. An autistic person may have an easier time recognizing or being more open to these sounds than they would to a verbal approach. This musical awareness, and the relationship between the autistics’ actions and the music, has potential to encourage communication.

Another form of music therapy that may help with communication is to play a wind instrument (IE flute). It is thought that by playing such an instrument, you become aware of the functioning of your teeth, jaws, lips and tongue. Thus, playing a wind instrument almost mirrors the functioning required in order to produce speech vocalizations.

Encouraged emotional fulfillment – Most autistics lack the ability to affectively respond to stimuli that would otherwise allow them to enjoy an appropriate emotional charge. Thus, since most autistics respond well to music stimuli, music therapy has been able to provide autistics with an environment that is free of fear, stimuli considered threatening, etc.

During a music therapy session, an autistic individual has the freedom to behave in specific ways that allow them to discover and express themselves when they want and choose. They can make noise, bang instruments, shout and express and experience the pleasure of emotional satisfaction.

Musical therapy has also helped autistic individuals by:

o Teaching social skills

o Improving language comprehension

o Encouraging the desire to communicate

o Making creative-self expression possible

o Reducing non-communicative speech

o Decreasing echolalia (uncontrolled and instant repetition of the words spoken by another)

Keep in mind that although music therapy can have positive effects on autistic individuals, it is vital that an autistic receives such treatment from a trained and experienced musical therapist.

2000-2010 – The Decade That Music Died

Over the past ten years a majority of the top ten songs on the Billboard charts has been consistent trendsetters. Songs that have saturated radio airwaves by the masses are placed in constant rotation to enthrall us. These songs appeal to a certain audience that often allow those in the music industry to capitalize on the opportunity to gain new fans of the most popular genres of music today. But some of these genres of today music have lost the luster for true music lovers, that they often resort to the classic CD’s from their youth just to hear music they deem as good music.

But what is considered “good music”? According to industry executives, “good music” is “any music that can capture the attention of an audience.” However; for the demographic of listeners in their mid twenties to mid thirties, “good music” is music that’s worth listening to many years after, and whose lyrics has meaning and depth.

So if the music industry has released nothing but “good music” over the past ten years, then why is it that the demographic of listeners in their mid twenties, thirties and older doesn’t find it worth listening to?

After further discussion with Atlanta’s LS Muzik Group, a company representative says, “most of the music that is released today has a certain appeal that reflects the trend set during that time. If at that time, snap music or crunk music is the sound that’s in, then that’s what the trend will follow. It is rare that you’d find “good music” [from the likes of] a Neyo, R. Kelly, Usher, Mary J Blige, Anthony Hamilton, or Musiq Soulchild to name a few. Not including good folk, rap, country, gospel, blues, jazz, or alternative rock music from some great artists who are worth listening to also. But out of the few named, there’s really not that many artists today that has potential for longevity. These artists are force fed to the consumer just to make record sales. We truly doubt half of them will be around to play sold out arenas in the next ten years.”

Hoping to bridge the gap between the two demographics of listeners in their mid twenties to mid thirties, the company looks to bring back good music that is worth listening to by adapting the Motown approach by signing good talent and releasing heartfelt songs with meaning.

Although the idea to bring back good music is what LS Muzik Group intends to do, there’s still that certain group of listeners the company may struggle to gain. Mainly because the music industry have already captured the attention of this group over the past ten years with music that has a sound of its own, a sound that has captivated them with what LS Muzik Group deems as over synthesized sounds. It is unclear however, as to how the company plans to win over that demographic, when all they know is what the music industry have force-fed them.

And because of this, the dividing line between the two demographics has left a void in the music industry, simply because true music lovers aren’t as fascinated with listening to over synthesized sounds that has little to no substance. This has crippled record sales over the past ten years.

In spite of the clever marketing initiatives by the music industry to capture true music lovers, the effort hasn’t been significant enough to impact their decisions to enjoy listening to the music released today thereby causing most of the music released today to barely go gold or platinum. This is all due in part not only to the Internet, but because true music lovers in their mid twenties, thirties, and older who enjoy good music, are not buying what is most popular today. But if what’s popular is Trey Songz or Chris Brown, then how is it that either of the two artists survives in such an industry where their level of success or failure is dictated by their marketing, and not their music.

“Record companies have gotten somewhat smart on how they market and release artists. Their idea to market and release Chris Brown or Trey Songz on the same Tuesday as they would Robin Thicke or K Jon isn’t the same. Simply because record sales for Chris Brown or Trey Songz may be slim for the first week of release, that marketing and releasing Trey Songz against K Jon on the same date would immobilize their sales goal of going gold or platinum, against a more likely artist that can, who has a more mature fan base of true music lovers who enjoy listening to good music,” says one industry executive.

This scenario is all too common in the industry today, whereas album release dates are rescheduled all due in part to industry executives being aware of the competition. Often times that competition is welcomed in what appears to be a rivalry to see who can out sell the other, as with the Kanye West and 50 Cent release in 2007. Rivalries such as this makes for clever marketing that will often propel record sales through the roof the first week of release, causing artists to go platinum. However at what cost to record companies? “Record companies can pay millions of dollars to market an artist all at the expense of gaining a few true music lovers. The gamble is to win the few they think will be loyal followers. While hoping the artists does their part to deliver good music to keep them [the fans] loyal.”

But with dismal record sales on the rise, artists are struggling to deliver good music to keep true music lovers devoted. Long gone are the days of the Motown Sound, Disco, P-Funk, and New Jack Swing era that we’ve all grown so accustom to that has found its way in music today through the practice of “sampling”; that most artists have lost all sense of creativity to produce almost anything remotely appealing to true music lovers. In order to win them over without the over synthesized sounds, they must sample or take portions of music from great artists like Teddy Pendergrass or The O’Jays just to get their attention.

So how can music get a fresh revitalization to capture the attention of true music lovers? Well according to LS Muzik Group, “bring back live musicians and artists who feel passionate about love and family values.” This could well be true, being that everything in heavy rotation on the radio is all about sex. “Where are the family values in the songs we hear today, there aren’t any. Most parents today don’t want their children listening to the radio, mainly because all they’re hearing is about sex.” From Trey Songz “Invented Sex”, to R. Kelly’s “Number One”, songs like these have saturated commercial radio and have left somewhat a bad taste in the mouth of true music listeners.

However artists like R. Kelly who has a solid fan base of loyal true music listeners, releasing songs like “Number One” is often well taken, being that an artist of his caliber is able to release just about anything and go platinum.

The musician in R. Kelly has allowed for him to survive in an industry that lacks creativity. Yet, he manages to stay in touch with his fan base while adjusting his talents to accommodate both younger and older audiences with songs like, “Number One”. But can the same be said of an artist [like a] Trey Songz? “Trey Songz is a talented artist; however, his fan base of course is entirely different from that of an R. Kelly or Robin Thicke not only because of the way he’s marketed, but also how he appeals to an audience that doesn’t understand good music. But considers what he sings to be. Keep in mind we are talking about a group that may not have even grew up listening to “good music” from the 70’s, 80’s or 90’s.”

Because of this lack of understanding, Trey Songz is able to sustain a fan base based entirely on his talents as a singer, songwriter and producer and thereby, creating music that his record label deems worthy of marketing and releasing to his fans. It is this group of listeners who are twenty-five and under, the music industry caters to without a second thought of catering to the older audiences. Why is this? It appears that a majority of the top ten songs on the Billboard charts is created by artists who themselves are twenty-five years of age and under, and who are basically creating music just for their age group. This has allowed for teenagers and young adults with a great deal of disposable income to spend their earnings from part-time jobs, birthday and holiday money on music, thereby pumping a small breath of life into the industry to keep it a live. So what’s going to happen once this age group gets much older and mature? Are they likely to even consider listening to Trey Songz or Chris Brown ten years from now?

The combination of good marketing combined with good talent can make artists such as Trey Songz a huge success because of the trend set in the industry today. Allowing record companies to capitalize off their talents now, and possibly tomorrow, depending on the terms of the artist-recording contract. Whereas in the days of Motown-“good music” was all it took to propel the success of an artist. It was imperative that Berry Gordy developed and released artists he knew could create “good music” that’s worth listening to many years after. This process of artist development became a critical element in the music industry up until 2000, when record labels took the time to develop an artist for longevity.

But if the trend has been set in motion to follow music that’s been hot for over the past ten years, then going against what the industry is doing to bring back “good music” with great lyrical content, is what LS Muzik Group looks to do and pave a way of their own in the industry.

With a well driven team of professionals and a roster of talented musicians and singers like Mr. Tao Jones and Jackie Watson who seek to change the direction of music released in the industry today, it is likely that “good music” can make a major comeback in commercial radio.

But what would be the downside to all of this? One major downside would be discovering more artists like Mr. Tao Jones and Jackie Watson who have the passion to write and sing “good music”. The other is how to reach the demographics twenty-five and under who are captivated with what they’ve heard on the radio for the past ten years. To this group of listeners, growing up in an era where music is either sampled or synthetically created is all they know to be good music. However not understanding where the music they’re listening to originally derived from.

Music from the 70’s, 80’s, and 90’s is now considered old school to this younger audiences, which today has all become obsolete, leaving room for a younger hip sound that’s all synthetically created like fast food. So what was once old, is now new again.

Take Monica’s “Everything”, a melodic rendition of Denise Williams, “Silly”. This is a classic example of an artist who feels passionate about love and family values, has great talents, a solid fan base, and understands that the industry needs “good music”. However with the odds against her to accommodate her fans, record label, and a younger audience who thinks her music is old school, it is difficult for Monica or any artist of her stature from 70’s, 80’s and 90’s to make a comeback.

“In order to survive in the music industry today, an artist who once were in high demand during those days, would have to readjust their talents to accommodate the trend today in the industry. This doesn’t necessarily mean change the style of music that made them successful for years, but do what it is they do best while incorporating a younger hip sound that will appeal to both audiences.”

However not all artists can readjust and appeal to a younger audience. Artists like Monica are learning that the industry has changed dramatically over the years with an all-new sound that has made it somewhat complicated to adjust to, making it difficult to comeback. But often times an old school artist can return like they’ve never left and go platinum. Take Charlie Wilson, former member of the famed G.A.P Band or George Clinton architect of the band Parliament-Funkadelic, these artists have set a perfect example on how to readjust their talent in rap music to accommodate the trend of the industry to reach the younger audiences. It is this adjustment that Charlie Wilson and George Clinton were able to comeback with rap artists like Snoop Dogg and Ice Cube.

Although this strategy may have worked for Charlie Wilson and George Clinton-it is by far a long shot that other artists of 70’s, 80’s and 90’s can achieve. Because of the generation gap within the music industry, it is clear that fans are divided between what’s considered “good music” and what’s not. Therefore making it difficult to bridge the gap. And if record executives continue to overlook this issue, artist they consider as today stars will suffer immensely with record sales in the coming years, leaving them with a short term musical career. Here today, gone tomorrow.

Buying Your First Trombone – Tips For Beginners

Chances are that if you’ve opened this article, you (or your child) are someone who is interested in learning to play trombone. If so, congratulations! You have chosen an amazing instrument, capable of playing everything from jazz to ska. You have also probably entered into the unknown territory of purchasing an instrument. Fear not, I will do everything I can to steer you in the right direction!

First of all, you’ve probably seen brands such as Tristar and Cecilio on eBay. These prices have insanely low prices. My advice is stay away! You may get a decent horn from these guys, but you also may get a horn that is unplayable. The truth is that there is no concept of quality control with these brands and the instrument wont last. You’re better off with going for brands which I’ll go more in-depth into later in the article.

Terminology

You have probably been exposed to many different terms which you are unfamiliar with in your search for a beginner trombone. I’ll try to explain what each one is and what it does.

Bore Size – The bore size of a trombone is the diameter of the tubing of the instrument, measured in the handslide. Basically larger bores will produce a darker, warmer tone. However, they also require much more air to play. In general, your first trombone should be a small bore (.500″ or.509″). If you are an adult beginner, you may want to look into a medium bore (.525″) however, I would still recommend a small bore instrument for your first trombone.

Bell Size – Bell size is usually directly related to bore size. It is is exactly what the name implies, how wide the bell’s diameter is. A beginner horn should have a bell size of 8″ unless you are using a medium bore where it may have a size of 8.5″

Shank – Shank refers to the size of the opening of the leadpipe. This determines whether the instrument will take large shank or small shank mouthpieces. Your first trombone should have a small shank as all small and medium bore horns have a small shank receiver.

Material – Trombones generally are made of two materials: Yellow brass and Red brass. Yellow brass is the material used in many trombones, including almost all student trombones. Yellow brass produces a strong fundamental sound which keeps its tone well at all dynamic levels. Red brass produces a warmer sound and is more flexible in the colors of every dynamic. Generally, yellow brass is what you’d want for your first trombone.

Key – Tenor trombones should be in the key of Bb. This means that the fundamental note, in first position is a Bb. If you get a trombone with a rotary valve, it should be in the key of Bb/F. Trombone is a non-transposing instrument even though its fundamental pitch is a Bb. This means that when a trombonist plays a written C, a C is sounded.

F – Attachment – This is the part of a trombone which is most easily identified as “the extra tubing around the tuning slide.” With this option, you have a trigger which essentially turns first position into sixth and second into seventh. I would recommend not getting an F – Attachment on your first trombone. A straight trombone is much more free blowing, plus you truly learn the last two positions with a straight trombone.

Which Trombone is Right for Me?

Assuming you are a beginner I would recommend a straight, small shank, yellow brass,.500″ bore, 8″ bell trombone. This trombone will be the most durable and will be the easiest to produce a good sound on. Here are some models I would suggest.

These are new trombones, price is something to be noted. Generally with instruments you get what you pay for.

YSL-354 – This is the Yamaha student model. This was my first trombone. It is very durable, has good build quality, good tone, and great reliability. In my opinion Yamaha makes the best student model on the market, however it is more expensive than other models.

YSL-350C – This is an interesting Yamaha model. This is nicknamed “The Short Bone” in the trombone community. It has a trigger which puts the instrument into C eliminating the need for sixth and seventh positions. This is ideal for a young musician who can’t reach or someone who needs a smaller instrument to travel with.

Getzen 351 – This is a great option for a student model instrument. Very nice student horn, and cheaper than the Yamaha.

Blessing BTB-1280 – This is another great model. Not quite as good as the previous options but still a very viable option and cheaper than the other three.

Giardinelli GTB 512 – I have not heard much about this horn. However, everything I’ve heard is that it’s a great horn for the price. The cheapest option of all my recommendations.

Used horns

Used horns are a great option for beginners. They are much cheaper than new horns and often play just as well. Also, they will hold their value well unless you do major damage to them.

Any of the above are good used. Also, you can probably find pretty good deals on older instruments such as: Conns, Olds (any straight horn), and Kings.

If you’d like to talk to me about your trombone purchase, please feel free to contact me through the website below. I’ll be glad to help you with anything trombone related!

Good luck in your first trombone purchase and in your pursuit of playing this great instrument!